Further observations on Indian Lower Gondwana Sphenophyllales


  • P.K. Maithy Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, 53, University Road, Lucknow 226007, India




New morphological details and the possible habit of Trizygia speciosa Royle are described alongwith two new forms of Sphenophyllales, Paratrizygia rhodesii (Rigby) n. comb. and Parasphenophyllum crenulatum sp. nov. from the Damuda Series of India.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Abbott M L 1958. The American species of Asterophyllites, Annularia and Sphenophyllum. Bull. Am. Palaeont., 38 (174): 289-372.

Archangelsky S 1958. Estudio geologico y palaeontologico del Bajo de la Leona (Santa Cruz). Acta geol. lilloana, 2: 5-133.

Asama K 1970. Evolution and classification of Sphenophyllales in Cathaysia land. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, 13 (2): 291-317.

Darrah EL 1968. A remarkable branching Sphenophyllum from the Carboniferous of Illinois. Palaeontographica, 110B: 99-127.

Edwards WN 1955. The geographical distribution of past floras. Advan. Sci., 46: 1-12.

Feistmantel O 1879. Note on the genus Sphenophyllum and other Equisetaceae with reference to Indian form Trizygia speciosa Royle (Sphenophyllum trizygia Ung.). Rec. geol. Surv. India, 12 (3): 163-166.

Huard-Moine D 1965. Contribution a l'etude de la flora dite "a Glossopteris a Glossopteris" du bassin de Wankie (Rhodesie du Sud) II. Ieo Sphenop- sides. Ann. Univ. I.A.R.E.R.S., 2: 68-86.

Krausel R 1928. In Krausel R & Range P. Beiträge zur kenntnis der Karruformation Deutsch-sudwest Afrikas. Beitr. geol. Erforsch. dt. Schutzgeb, 20: 1-54.

Lacey WS & Huard-Moine D 1966. Karoo floras of Rhodesia and Malawi. Part 2. The Glossopteris flora in Wankie District of Southern Rhodesia. Symposium on Floristics & Stratigraphy on Gondwanaland. Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow: 13-28.

Maheshwari HK 1968. Studies in the Glos- sopteris flora of India- 38. Remarks on Trizygia speciosa Royle with reference to the genus Sphenophyllum Koenig. The Palaeobotanist 16 (3): 283-287. https://doi.org/10.54991/jop.1967.529

Maheshwari HK 1974. Palaeozoic Lycopsida and Sphenopsida, in: Surange, K. R. et al. (Eds): Aspects & Appraisal of Indian Palaeobotany. Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Lucknow: 51-61.

McClelland J 1850. Report of the Geological Survey of India for the Session 1848-49. Calcutta.

Meyen SV 1970. Epidermisuntersuchungen an Permischen Landpflanzen des Angaragebietetetes. Palaont. Abh., 3B (3-4): 523-552.

Pant DD & Mehra B 1963. On the epidermal structure of Sphenophyllum speciosum (Royle) Zeiller. Palaeontographica, 112B (1-3): 51-57.

Pant DD & Kidwai PF 1968. On the structure of stems and leaves of Phyllotheca indica Bunbury and its affinities. Palaeontographica, 121B (4-6): 102-121.

Plumstead EP 1966. The story of South Africa's Coal. Optima: 186-202.

Remy W 1962. Sphenophyllum majus Brongn., Sphenophyllum saarensis n. sp. and Sphenophyllum orbicularis n. sp. aus dem Karbon des Saargebietes. Monatsber. Dt. Akad. Wiss., 4 (3-4): 235-246.

Rigby JF 1966. The Lower Gondwana floras of the Perth and Collie basins, Western Australia. Palaeontographica, 118B. (4-6): 113-152.

Rigby JF 1969. The Lower Gondwana Scene. Boletim Paranaense de Geociencias, 27: 1-13.

Royle JF 1839. Illustrations of the botany and other branches of Natural History of the Himalayan mountains, etc. London (1833-39).

Seward AC 1941. Plant life through the ages. Cambridge Univ. Press: 607.

Surange KR 1955. Studies in the Glossopteris flora of India-2. Equisetales from the Raniganj Coalfield. The Palaeobotanist 4: 83-88. https://doi.org/10.54991/jop.1955.474

Surange KR 1964. Indian fossil pteridophytes. Botanical Monographs, 4. C.S.I.R., New Delhi.

Surange KR & Kulkarni S 1968. On two new species of Phyllotheca from the South Karanpura Coalfield, Bihar. The Palaeobotanist 16 (1): 95-100. https://doi.org/10.54991/jop.1967.506

Walton J 1929. The fossil flora of the Karoo System in the Wankie District, Rhodesia. Bull. geol. Surv. S. Rhodesia, 15: 62-75. District, Southern




How to Cite

Maithy, P. (1976). Further observations on Indian Lower Gondwana Sphenophyllales. Journal of Palaeosciences, 25(1-3), 266–278. https://doi.org/10.54991/jop.1976.1016



Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 > >>