Monsoon in history and present


  • A.P. Dimri School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
  • M. Roxy Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pashan, Pune, India
  • A. Sharma Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, 53, University Road, Lucknow 226007, India
  • A.K. Pokharia Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, 53, University Road, Lucknow 226007, India
  • Ch.R. Gayathri School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
  • J. Sanwal Geodynamic Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India
  • Aka Sharma School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
  • S.K. Tandon Earth and Environmental Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Bhopal, India
  • D.B. Pattanaik Numerical Weather Prediction Division, India Meteorological Department, New Delhi, India
  • U.C. Mohanty School of Earth Ocean and Climate Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar, India



Monsoon, Civilizations, Human Life and Society, Indian economy


Monsoon in the Indian sub-continent remains a seasonal phenomenon which is awaited by all of the humans of the sub–continent. It has long drawn the reverence of monks, travellers, poets, traders and researchers. All mortals from the sub-continent have looked to it from their own perspective and it continues to be the subject of intense multi-dimensional engagement. The monsoon has provided the means of survival to many civilizations, besides sculpting the drainages and the paleogeography of the subcontinent. The evolution of the Himalayas has played a critical role in the evolution of the summer monsoon, which gave life to rivers, crops and human settlements. The present synthesis of the Monsoon illustrates how it is linked to the history of human cultures and their evolution. Furthermore, we have attempted to place the monsoon in a historical perspective using ancient literature, besides considering the present monsoon variability and forecasting systems available.


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How to Cite

Dimri, A., Roxy, M., Sharma, A., Pokharia, A., Gayathri, C., Sanwal, J., Sharma, A., Tandon, S., Pattanaik, D., & Mohanty, U. (2022). Monsoon in history and present. Journal of Palaeosciences, 71(1), 45–74.



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